Over the years, the world has seen a streak of modern art movements, which in turn were strongly influenced by the history of each period. The most important trends are to be found in the first half of our era and can be identified by particular names.
An overview of cubism, futurism and abstract art
Cubism is one of the most important and well-known art movements and Pablo Picasso is one of the best-known representatives. Other artists such as Fernand Léger and Georges Braque are also great masters of this artistic technique. Cubism appeared in 1907 and is characterised by the art of invoking life in a primitive way. It’s worth noting that a wide range of these works can be discovered at estades.com, a renowned online art gallery.
In 1990, Futurism emerged from Cubism. Marinetti and Boccioni produced many futuristic paintings during this period.
As for abstract art, the latter emerged around 1910 and acts as a revolutionary artistic movement of modern times. Abstract works are distinguished by geometrically shaped drawings.
An overview of Expressionism, Orphism and Surrealism
Expressionism appeared in Northern Europe in 1912 at the start of the world war at the very beginning of the 20th century. The movement revealed the dark vision that prevailed at that time.
The artistic movement of surrealism, however, emerged in 1924. The works produced have been described as a link between the real and the unreal. Thus, there is no longer a border between these two worlds. Salvador Dalí and Ernst are among the most famous surrealist artists.
Later on, abstract expressionism appeared. This movement grew mainly in the United States. It served as an emphasis on the relationship between the painter and his or her gestures. Here, the paintings are distinguished by highly coloured drawings.
Art brut or outsider art, lyrical abstraction and kinetic art
The so-called art brut appeared at the beginning of the Second World War. It brought together naïve works made by outsiders, children or even the mentally ill.
In 1951, the lyrical abstraction movement took shape thanks to the likes of Théorisée. The works in question contrasted with those of geometric abstraction. Here, the painting reveals forms drawn by his or her gestures.
When it comes to kinetic art, the latter emerged in the 1950s. The works that fell within the framework of this trend are distinguished by the real or unreal observation of movement. This art was also called Op’Art when it was introduced to America.